Since labor productivity in the Soviet economy lagged behind the Western (or rather, that it was generally incommensurable, because it was a completely different type of labor), the average intellectual believed that the Soviet system is regressive and, therefore, must be destroyed. The mechanistic determinism of historical materialism. The vision of the history that is perceived by the person of one or the other of the methodological approach, strongly influenced by his attitude to the current events and his behavior. To understand what is happening, we are not realizing, using the "tools of thought", which we have provided over the years of life. It - images, concepts, terminology, logical techniques. Historical materialism, which is instilled in the minds of several generations of Soviet people who gave this consciousness two important features that played a fatal role in the years of perestroika. The first feature - fatalism, the belief that "the objective laws of historical development will punch their way through the accident." The second feature - the indifference to the point to its uniqueness and irreversibility, the argument in terms of historical formation, long-term processes.